OpenThread Border Router (OTBR) features a Thread Border Agent, which supports external Thread Commissioning. In external Thread Commissioning, a device outside of the Thread network (for example, a mobile phone) commissions new devices onto the network.
The Thread Commissioner serves to authenticate a user (external Commissioner) or a Thread device onto the Thread network. After authentication, the Commissioner instructs the Border Router to transfer Thread network credentials, such as the network key, to the device directly.
This is an example of in-band commissioning, where Thread network credentials are transferred between devices over the radio.
This guide details how to commission an OpenThread device onto a network created and managed by the OTBR Web GUI, using one of the following external Commissioners:
To learn how to commission without an external Commissioner, see Thread Commissioning.
Select Commissioner type
Use the buttons to filter this guide based on Commissioner type:
Selected: OT Commissioner CLI
Form the Thread network
The recommended way to form a Thread network is via the OTBR Web GUI. When doing so, change all the default values on the Form menu option, except for the On-Mesh Prefix.
Make note of the Passphrase used. This passphrase is the Commissioner Credential and is used (along with the Extended PAN ID and Network Name) to generate the Pre-Shared Key for the Commissioner (PSKc). The PSKc is needed to authenticate the Thread Commissioner (the external device) to the network.
The Thread network can also be formed manually on the command line of
OpenThread POSIX, using
- Initialize a new operational dataset:
sudo ot-ctl dataset init newDone
- Set the network credentials:
sudo ot-ctl dataset panid 0xdeadDone
sudo ot-ctl dataset extpanid dead1111dead2222Done
sudo ot-ctl dataset networkname OpenThreadGuideDone
sudo ot-ctl dataset networkkey 11112233445566778899DEAD1111DEADDone
- Generate a hex-encoded PSKc by using a Passphrase (Commissioner Credential),
the Extended PAN ID, and the Network Name with the PSKc Generator tool on
the OTBR. Make sure to use the same Extended PAN ID and Network Name that
was used in the operational dataset:
./pskc J01NME DEAD1111DEAD2222 OpenThreadGuide
- Set the PSKc:
sudo ot-ctl dataset pskc 198886f519a8fd7c981fee95d72f4ba7Done
- Commit the active dataset, set the on-mesh prefix, and form the Thread
sudo ot-ctl dataset commit activeDone
sudo ot-ctl prefix add fd11:22::/64 pasorDone
sudo ot-ctl ifconfig upDone
sudo ot-ctl thread startDone
sudo ot-ctl netdata registerDone
- Confirm the network configuration:
sudo ot-ctl stateleader Done
sudo ot-ctl pskc198886f519a8fd7c981fee95d72f4ba7 Done
Prepare the Joiner device
Build and flash a device with OpenThread, to function as the Joiner. For an overview of building OpenThread, see the Building Guide.
-DOT_JOINER=ON build option to enable the Joiner role.
For example, to build the CC2538 example platform for use as a Joiner:
Specific instructions on building supported platforms with GNU Autotools can be found in each example's platform folder/examples/platforms).
Once the Joiner device is ready, obtain its factory-assigned IEEE EUI-64. Use
eui64 command in the OpenThread CLI:
eui64 0000b57fffe15d68 Done
Build and install OT Commissioner
Build and install OT Commissioner. See OT Commissioner Build and Configuration for instructions.
Connect to the Border Router
- Open the Non-CCM configuration file located at
/usr/local/etc/commissioner/non-ccm-config.jsonand change the
"PSKc" : "198886f519a8fd7c981fee95d72f4ba7"
- Start the OT Commissioner CLI with the Non-CCM configuration:
- Connect to OTBR:
start :: 49191[done]
- Verify that the Commissioner is active:
Commission the Joiner
Once connected to the Border Router, OT Commissioner can commission the Joiner device.
- In OT Commissioner, enable Thread 1.1 MeshCoP joiner for all Joiners with a
joiner enableall meshcop J01NU5[done]
- On the Joiner device, start the Joiner role with the password configured in
ifconfig up Done
joiner start J01NU5 Done
- Wait a minute for the DTLS handshake to complete between the Commissioner
Join the network
On the Joiner device, start the Thread protocol to automatically join the network.
thread start Done
Check the state after a few moments to confirm. It may initially start as a child, but within two minutes it should upgrade to a router.
state router Done
Also check the device's IPv6 addresses. It should have a Global address using the On-Mesh Prefix specified during formation of the Thread network through the OTBR Web GUI.
ipaddr fdde:ad11:11de:0:0:ff:fe00:9400 fd11:22:0:0:3a15:3211:2723:dbe1 fe80:0:0:0:6006:41ca:c822:c337 fdde:ad11:11de:0:ed8c:1681:24c4:3562
Ping the external internet
Test the connectivity between the Joiner device in the Thread network and the external internet by pinging a public IPv4 address.
For example, the Well-Known NAT64 prefix of
64:ff9b::/96 and an IPv4 address
18.104.22.168 combine to form an IPv6 address of
Add an external route for the NAT64 Prefix:
sudo ot-ctl route add 64:ff9b::/96 s medDone
sudo ot-ctl netdata registerDone
Ping the synthesized IPv6 address
64:ff9b::808:808 from the OpenThread CLI on the Joiner device:
ping 64:ff9b::808:80816 bytes from 64:ff9b:0:0:0:0:808:808: icmp_seq=3 hlim=45 time=72ms